Methods of Survey

सर्वेक्षण की विधियाँ (Methods of Survey)

1.प्रश्नावली (Questionnaire)  

 2. साक्षात्कार (Interview )

प्रश्नावली ( Questionnaire) – सर्वेक्षण के इस ढंग में लिखित प्रश्नों की एक सूची जिसे प्रश्नावली कहते हैं, तैयार की जाती है जिसे लोगों को भरना होता है। प्रश्नावली में मूलत: तीन प्रकार के प्रश्न पूछे जाते हैं

(i) बन्द प्रश्न (Closed Questions ) – इस प्रकार के प्रश्नों का उत्तर ‘हाँ’ अथवा ‘नहीं’ अर्थात् मात्र एक शब्द में दिया जाता है। उदाहरण के लिए “क्या आप विवाहित हैं?” “हाँ” अथवा “नहीं”

(ii) खुले प्रश्न (Open Questions ) – खुले प्रश्न उत्तरदाता को खुलकर व्याख्या करने का अवसर देते हैं। ये प्रश्न प्रश्नकर्त्ता को अवसर प्रदान करते हैं कि वह समस्या की गहन छानबीन कर सके। जैसे “आपके विचार में ‘मनाली’ पर्यटन स्थल के रूप में कैसा स्थान है?”

(iii) श्रेणीगत प्रश्न (Serieswise Questions ) – ये प्रश्न उत्तरदाता को यह अवसर देते हैं कि वह अपने उत्तर को श्रेणीबद्ध कर सके। उदाहरण के लिए कृपया, पढ़ाई के उद्देश्यों के बारे में अपनी राय क्रमवार दो।


Methods of Survey

1.Questionnaire  

 2. Interview

Questionnaire – In this method of survey a list of written questions called questionnaire is prepared which people have to fill . Basically three types of questions are asked in the questionnaire

(i) Closed Questions – The answer to these type of questions is ‘yes’ or ‘no’ i.e. only one word is given. For example “Are you married?” “Yes” or “No”

(ii) Open Questions – Open questions give an opportunity to the respondent to explain openly. These questions provide opportunity to the questioner to investigate the problem thoroughly. Like “How do you think ‘Manali’ ranks as a tourist destination?”

(iii) Series-wise Questions – These questions give an opportunity to the respondent to categorize his answer. For example, please give your opinion about the objectives of the study, sequentially.

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